Subfertility & Semen Abnormalities
If you are experiencing any of these men’s health concerns or have questions about these, we encourage you to schedule an appointment with our doctor. We can provide you with an evaluation and recommend appropriate treatments or lifestyle changes for your consideration.
Remember that taking care of your health is important, and seeking professional help when needed is a proactive step towards preventing and managing health problems.
Seminal Analysis (HK$520)
Seminal analysis is a basic test to evaluate semen quality which helps reproductive endocrinologists to examine the cause of male infertility.
Test Items of Seminal Analysis
- Total Volume
- Sperm count
- Sperm motility
- Sperm morphology
- Sperm WBC
- Sperm RBC
The test is recommended for
- Men with marriage or birth plan, who want a preliminary assessment on semen quality
- Men who want to check the effectiveness of vasectomy
*The fee above does not include doctor’s report explanation. An extra cost of HKD680 will be charged if patients require doctor’s report explanation.
*Seminal Analysis is only used to evaluate basic criteria of semen quality. If fertility evaluation is required, you should consult reproductive endocrinologists for a comprehensive check-up and assessment, including medical history, physical examination, genitourinary system examination, endocrine examination etc.
What does the test result mean
The percentage of moving sperm in a sample is known as its ‘motility’. The more slowly moving or immobile sperm in a sample, the less likely it is that a man could conceive a child with his partner. The progression of the sperm is rated on a basis from zero (no motion) to 3 or higher for sperm that move in a straight line with good speed. If less than half of the sperm are moving, a stain is used to identify the percentage of dead sperm. This is called a ‘sperm viability test’.
Morphology analysis is the study of the size, shape, and appearance of the sperm cells. The analysis evaluates the structure of 200 sperms, and any defects are noted. The more abnormal sperms that are present, the more the likelihood of infertility.
Several factors can affect the sperm count and other semen analysis values. A man may have a lower sperm count if he has physical damage to the testicles, has gone through radiation treatment of his testicles, or has had exposure to certain drugs (such as azathioprine). A man with a higher level of oestrogens may have a lower sperm count.
Some of the common causes of male infertility are extremely high fever, testicular failure (failure of the testicles to produce sperm), obstruction of the tubes that carry semen to the penis, and a less than normal amount of sperm in the sample (oligospermia).
Normal Structure of a Sperm
Sperm under Microscope